The Křivoklát Castle is an attractive tourist destination; it was founded at the beginning of the 12th century by Prince Vladislav, photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.Prague - Malá Strana, Vltava River, and Charles Bridge, photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.Prague towards the northwest, photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.The beauty of the countryside, known as Bohemian Paradise, has enchanted many artists, photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.Český Šternberk Castle, photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.Koněprusy Caves, the largest cave system in Bohemia, photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.Mělník Chateau and tower of the Church of St. Peter and Paul as seen from the historic locks in Hořín, photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.
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Prague, capital of Czech Republic

Prague - as the largest city in the Czech Republic, Prague is considered to be one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, if not the world. The dominant feature of this ancient city on the shores of the Vltava River is the Prague Castle, founded by the Přemyslids in the 9th century. The third castle courtyard holds a true jewel of Gothic architecture and the spiritual centre of the Czech nation, the Cathedral of St. Vitus, St. Wenceslas, and St. Adalbert.

Prague Castle and cathedral

Prague Castle panorama, photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.The Přemyslid rulers began building fortifications on a hill above the river sometime in the 9th century. As their power grew, so did the fortified settlement and city below them, also increasing in importance. In 1344, Charles IV of Luxembourg began to build a magnificent Gothic cathedral dedicated to St. Vitus. The cathedral was finally completed some six centuries later (in 1929), giving Prague Castle its final appearance.

Malá Strana (Lesser Town)

Prague - Malá Strana, Vltava River, and Charles Bridge, photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.Malá Strana - this is the area between Prague Castle and the Vltava River. Its centre is the sloping Lesser Town Square, bearing the massive Church of St. Nicholas, which is considered to be the most important Baroque structure in Bohemia. Another grandiose architectural monument here is the complex of buildings that make up Wallenstein Palace with its adjacent garden. Nerudova ulice, popular among tourists, leads up from the Lesser Town Square towards the castle; this street is known for its house signs (Two Suns, Three Fiddles, Gold Cup, etc.)

Charles Bridge

Prague - Charles Bridge from the Old Town bank, photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.Charles Bridge - as the oldest bridge in Prague (and the second oldest in the country), it connects the Lesser Town and Old Town on the left and right banks of the Vltava River, respectively. The Charles Bridge stands on the site of the former Judith Bridge, which was destroyed by floods. Construction of the bridge began in 1357 on the initiative of Emperor Charles IV. The bridge is over 500 meters long and 9.5 meters wide, and is made up of 16 arches. Its pillars hold a total of 30 statues, mostly Baroque. Entrance to the bridge is guarded on both sides by tower bridges, while the decorations on the Gothic Old Town Bridge Tower make it one of the most beautiful fortification structures in Europe.

Old Town

Prague - Powder Gate (1475) and Art Nouveau Municipal House (1906 - 11), photo by: Archiv Vydavatelství MCU s.r.o.Old Town - this is the Prague quarter on the right bank of the Vltava. Its center is the Old Town Square with several notable monuments such as the Town Hall with its famous astrological clock, and the Týn Church. In the centre of the square is a monument dedicated to the religious reformer Jan Hus. The luxurious Prague boulevard named Pařížská třída leads from the square to the Vltava River. Another notable monument in the Old Town is the Gothic Powder Tower where the Royal Way begins, or the most important Art Nouveau monument in Prague, the Municipal House.